Beef Management Tips

Dr. John B. Hall, Extension Beef Specialist, VA Tech, Livestock Update, October 2007.
calendar icon 15 October 2007
clock icon 2 minute read
Beef Management Tips

October Beef Management Calendar

Spring Calving Herds
    • Give pre-weaning injections to calves not already weaned (VQA )
    • Wean calves this month or early next month
    • Market calves at VQA sales, graded sales, telo-auction or as off-farm truckloads
    • Make arrangements for backgrounding calves
    • Feed replacement heifers to gain 1.5 – 1.75 lbs per day or use the Target Weight method to calculate rate of gain
    • Pregnancy check cows
    • Body condition score cows at weaning and separate thin cows
    • Cull open, old and very thin cows; check feet and legs, udders and eyes
    • Switch to high magnesium minerals to prevent grass tetany
    • Inventory feed supplies and secure feed for winter
Fall Calving Herds
    • Continue calving
    • Move pregnant heifers and early calving cows to calving area about 2 weeks before due date
    • Check cows 3 to 4 times per day, heifers more often – assist early if needed
    • Keep calving area clean and move healthy pairs out to large pastures 3 days after calving
    • Body condition score cows at calving; plan nutrition/grazing program based on BCS
    • Ear tag and dehorn all calves at birth; castrate male calves in commercial herds
    • Give selenium plus vitamin E and vitamin A & D injections to newborn calves
    • Feed cows extra energy after calving; some protein may be needed also if good pasture is not available. Cows calving at BCS < 5 should receive special nutritional attention.
    • Keep high quality, high magnesium high selenium minerals available
    • Reproductive tract score and measure pelvic areas on yearling replacement heifers; RTS should be 3 or better and pelvic areas should be >150 sq. cm
    • Purchase estrous synchronization supplies; line up AI technician or AI supplies

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