Texas Cattle Herd Rebuilding Underway

US - The Texas AgriLife Extension Service is beginning a statewide educational initiative focusing on rebuilding cattle herds within the state.
calendar icon 14 March 2012
clock icon 3 minute read

Texas A&M

“For the past two decades, we have seen a continual decline in cattle numbers within the state,” said Dr Ron Gill, AgriLife Extension livestock specialist and associate department head for animal science at Texas A&M University in College Station.

The historic drought of 2011 dramatically accentuated that trend. The state’s cattle industry and affiliated trade and service companies are the second largest economic driver in the state, bringing in billions of dollars to the state economy. With the cowherd at such a critically low level, Texas will start to lose infrastructure if cow numbers do not increase soon.”

A series of in-depth, educational programmes will be held across the state throughout the month of April and throughout the year, Dr Gill said. Kickoff programmes are scheduled for Midland, Yoakum, Alice, Graham, Abilene and Athens. For complete schedules and online registration, visit http://agriliferegister.tamu.edu (Enter the keyword: beef)

Programme topics include: changes in lending policies that will impact availability of capital to reinvest in cattle; balancing forage recovery with cattle inventory recovery; systematic approach to evaluating options for securing replacement females; and developing a logical and systematic system to evaluate the worth of available replacement females.

The programme sessions will also include discussions on such issues as herd health, biosecurity and building strategic inventory flexibility into an operation.

Another critical area of concern is generational turnover, Dr Gill said. The ongoing drought has been so severe that many producers have decided to not go back into the cattle industry, he said.

“It’s important to long-term sustainability of the beef industry that we do not keep this range/pasture land out of cattle production,” he said. “One special session will be devoted to the topic of how to develop a long-term relationship between landowners and land lessors.”

The programme sessions will also discuss additional uncertainty with both weather patterns and intentions of state beef producers following the devastating 2011 drought, Dr Gill said.

“Recent surveys indicate that as many as 25 per cent of producers who have sold cattle due to drought do not intend to go back into beef production and another 10 per cent to 15 per cent indicate they may seek alternative livestock enterprises if they do go back into production.”

Other factors such as competing land use, economics, drought and availability of financing have all contributed to the decline in livestock inventories, he said.

“However, the Texas livestock industry is not solely dependent upon the livestock produced within the state,” Dr Gill said. “The stocker and finishing phases depend upon inventory that comes from a large geographical area.”

In particular, Dr Gill said the supply of calves from the southeastern states and Mexico are critical to supplying inventory to support the grazing of warm season forages during spring and summer programmes and winter annuals during the fall and winter grazing cycle.

“These cattle, along with the calves they produce within the state, supply the cattle feeding and packing industry primarily in the High Plains and South Texas regions,” Dr Gill said.

Further erosion in cattle inventories will result in loss of infrastructure within all of these sectors, he said.

“As world demand for proteins continues to increase, the need is for more beef cattle numbers and increasing supply of high-quality protein to meet the increasing demand.”

Dr Gill said it’s important that as herds are rebuilt, producers take into account the value and need for environmental adaptability of cows used to rebuild the cowherd. The educational programmes offered will address this issue.

For more information, visit http://rebuilding.tamu.edu/.

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