Returns To A Summer Stocker Operation

US - On a weekly basis, I utilize Nebraska feeder cattle auction price data, the current futures market for both Live Cattle and Feeder Cattle and the present cost of gain based on current feed prices to project returns to backgrounding various weights of feeder steers and to finishing various weights of feeder steers writes Dillon M. Feuz, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Applied Economics, Utah State University
calendar icon 18 April 2011
clock icon 3 minute read

For the past several weeks, I haven’t found many opportunities for positive returns in either of these cattle feeding endeavors. It appears in spite of the very optimistic futures market, cattlemen are even more optimistic at the sale barn and they are paying more for feeder cattle than can be justified with present futures prices. Now, perhaps they have contracted cheaper feeds and they can afford higher feeder cattle prices. It may also be the case that feeder cattle prices and fed cattle prices will increase more in the future than the present futures market expects, and this could also result in positive returns. However, as green grass is starting to appear in some areas, I looked at placing feeder steers on pasture for 120 or 150 days to see if one could expect a positive return from this enterprise. I used this past week’s Nebraska auction market prices and then assumed the calves would be fed a cheap maintenance ration until May 1. I assumed a $20 per head per month grazing cost, and assumed some other operating costs (vaccines, implants, interest, death loss, miscellaneous supplies and a little hay to get to May 1) that varied from $62-68 per head. I then used the August and September Feeder Cattle futures and historical basis values to predict yearling steer prices for this fall. I assume that calves gain 1.75 lbs/day if they are pastured for 120 days, that is just over 200 pounds for the summer and I assume that they gain 1.65 lbs/day if they are pastured for 150 days, or 250 pounds. I looked at placement weights of 550-750 pounds. The results were that you should be able to see a positive return to a summer stocker operation. The highest return of $105/head was for 750 pound steers pastured for 120 days. Returns for the lighter weight 550 pound steers were $26 and $37 per head for the 120 and 150 day pasture scenario respectively. Returns to the 650 pound steers were between those for 750 and 550 pound steers. If you can find grass and if you can find feeder cattle that you don’t have to break the bank to purchase, take a look at a stocker operation. The returns to grass this summer will likely exceed the returns you can find in a feedlot over the next few months. If you want to plug in your own values, I have a very simple on-line calculator that can help you do this. It is located at

The Markets

The fed cattle market was mixed this past week. Trade took place mid week with smaller volume than last week. Prices were at mostly $123 on a live weight basis and were $196 on a dressed basis. Choice boxed beef prices were $3 higher this week. The Choice-Select spread increased and is near the typical level. Feeder cattle prices were mixed this past week compared to last week’s prices. Montana prices were sharply lower for 750 pound steers and for 550 pound steers. Nebraska prices were down slightly for 750 steers but were higher for 550 pound steers. Oklahoma prices were a little higher for 750 and were lower for 550 pound steers compared to last week. Corn prices were $.45 higher per bushel than last week using mid week prices. Dried Distillers Grain prices were $14 per ton higher and wet distillers grains were also higher in Nebraska for the week.

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