Czech Meat and Dairy Production Down in Q3 of 2009

CZECH REPUBLIC - A decrease in the country's meat production and milk collection has been noted in the third quarter of 2009.
calendar icon 30 October 2009
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Meat production and milk collection decreased by 6.9 per cent and 2.8 per cent respectively. 138,488 tonnes of meat in carcase weight was produced in total. This amount includes 49.7 per cent of pig meat, 13.4 per cent of beef, including veal and 36.9 per cent of poultry meat.

Slaughter and meat production

In the third quarter of 2009, the number of cattle slaughtered, including calves, decreased by 4.2 per cent. The number of bulls slaughtered went down by 16.5 per cent while the number of cows and heifers slaughtered increased by 7.2 per cent and 7.0 per cent respectively.

The number of pigs slaughtered went down by 11.4 per cent year-on-year, while the average carcase weight increased by 0.7 per cent to 87.2 kg. Production of pig meat declined by 10.7 per cent.

Poultry meat production dropped by 1.4 per cent.

Cattle, pig and poultry rearing output

According to the livestock outputs, cattle numbers increased by 0.7 per cent to 1,424 thousand heads during 30 June 2009. Cow numbers went up by 2.4 per cent to 578 thousand heads, of which dairy cows dropped by 0.7 per cent to 401 thousand heads. On the contrary number of suckler cows rose by 10.2 per cent to 177 thousand heads.

Pig numbers fell by 9.4 per cent to 2,130 thousand heads, of which sow and gilt numbers dropped by 16.0 per cent to 139 thousand heads and 14.9 per cent to 56 thousand heads, respectively according 1 August figures.

Poultry numbers, on the other hand, went up by 2.1 per cent to 26 million heads according to figures from 30 June 2009.

Agricultural producers’ prices of cattle, pigs and chicken for slaughter

Agricultural producers’ prices of cattle for slaughter increased for bulls and calves year-on-year by 1.3 per cent and 6.4 per cent respectively. On the other hand, prices of heifers and cows for slaughter decreased by 3.8 per cent and 3.1 per cent, respectively. In the third quarter of 2009, the average price of bulls for slaughter in S, E, U-quality reached CZK 39.56 per kilogram in live weight and CZK 74.52 per kilogram in carcass weight.

Producer prices of slaughter pigs dropped by 3.4 per cent. Average price of pigs for slaughter in S, E, U-quality totalled CZK 31.53 per kilogram in live weight and CZK 40.84 per kilogram in carcass weight.

Prices of agricultural producers of chicken for slaughter in the 1st-quality category decreased by 9.6 per cent year-on-year and amounted to CZK 20.68 per kilogram in live weight.

Foreign trade in meat and livestock

According to preliminary outputs, foreign trade in meat ended in a passive trade balance for beef, pig meat and poultry meat in the period from the 1 June 2009 to the 31 August 2009 (by 3,487 tonnes, by 35,870 tonnes and 11,345 tonnes, respectively).

Beef imports went up by 13.4 per cent (561 tonnes), while exports decreased by 7.8 per cent (106 tonnes). Beef was imported predominantly from Poland (44 per cent) and to a lesser extent, from Germany (20 per cent), Austria (12 per cent) and Ireland (10 per cent).

Imports of pig meat went up by 19.3 per cent (7,216 tonnes) and exports increased by 3.3 per cent (281 tonnes) year-on-year. Almost half of imported pig meat came from Germany (45 per cent), a lesser amount was imported from Austria (10 per cent), Spain (9 per cent) and Poland (9 per cent). A large majority of exports went to Slovakia (90 per cent).

Imports of poultry meat went up by 22.1 per cent (3,172 tonnes) and exports increased by 7.3 per cent (by 420 tonnes). Poultry meat was imported largely from Poland (43 per cent) and to a lesser degree, from Brazil (19 per cent), Slovakia (12 per cent) and France (7 per cent). Meat was exported predominantly to Slovakia (36 per cent), and a lesser amount to Germany (18 per cent) and Hungary (17 per cent).

Milk collection and agricultural producers’ prices of milk

Milk collected to dairies stood at 579.3 million litres in the 3rd quarter 2009. Milk collection went down by 2.8 per cent compared to the same period in the previous year.

Agricultural producers’ price of milk in the Q-quality dropped by 27.7 per cent year-on-year. The average price of milk amounted to CZK 5.95 per litre.

Further Reading

- You can view the full report, including graphics, by clicking here.

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