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USDA GAIN: Livestock and Products

06 March 2015

USDA GAIN: India Livestock and Products Semi-annual 2015

USDA GAIN: Livestock and Products


For CY 2014 and 2015, the total cattle population forecast levels are unchanged (Please see the Livestock and Products Annual 2014 for further explanation). The CY 2014 and 2015 water buffalo (carabeef) production level estimates are also unchanged at 4.1 and 4.3 million metric tons carcass weight equivalent (CWE). The overall cattle population may continue to grow over the next five to 10 years on potential advances in the dairy sector (Please see the GAIN report: IN5009 - India’s National Dairy Board Looks to Grow); however, if not addressed, challenges such as a declining water table and limited feed supplies may eventually ease livestock numbers. The carabeef industry depends on unproductive water buffalo heifers and water buffalo bulls (from the dairy sector) as cow slaughter is banned in most Indian states due to religious sensitivities.

India’s major carabeef producing states include Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Punjab. Uttar Pradesh, a major dairy producer, houses approximately half of all APEDA registered (for export) abattoirs. In recent years, carabeef prices likely have grown (see Figure 2) due to rising costs both in the dairy and carabeef sectors; from CY 2009 to CY 2014, the compound annual growth rate for carabeef prices was 11.62 percent. Reportedly, there was no major impact on carabeef production and exports due to the recent Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) outbreak in 2014.


CY 2015 carabeef domestic consumption is unchanged on expectations of rising demand due to population growth (Please see the Livestock and Products Annual 2014 for further explanation).


CY 2014 and CY 2015 carabeef export estimates are unchanged, driven by rising export demand and price competitiveness (see Figure 3 and 4) in major markets. Moreover, India may soon export carabeef to Russia. According to the Rosselkhoznadzor (Russia’s Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance) website, four meat processing plants have been approved to export carabeef to Russia; however, to date, no information on these developments can be found on Government of India (GOI) websites. Vietnam is the largest export market for India followed by Malaysia, Egypt, Thailand, and Saudi Arabia.

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