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TheDairySite Newsletter - 05 June 2015

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TheDairySite
Friday 5th June 2015.
Michael Priestley - Editor

Michael Priestley
Editor


MSD Animal Health

Novus International

Tomato Seeds: A Novel Feed for Lactating Dairy Cows

Whole tomato seeds have been fed to eight Holstein cows in a trial looking at reducing food waste from California’s fruit and vegetable sector.

Replacing whole cotton seeds did not affect dry matter intake, lipid intake, milk yield or milk protein concentration, the University of California, Davis, study found.

However, tomato seeds lowered digestion of total fatty acids, crude protein and resulting milk fat concentration and fat milk yield.

Split equally, the cows were primiparous and multiparous, with the seeds being fed as 4, 2.4, 1.1 and 0 per cent of the dry matter ration.

Other by-product options are frequently used in US livestock rations and tomato seeds could provide a sustainable option, according to Melissa Woolpert writing for the William H Miner Institute in reaction to the study.

She noted the role of cows in converting indigestible products into nutrient rich milk.

Adapting to a variety of different type and blends of feed, cows are very much like flex fuel engines, she explained.

Citrus pulp, sugar beet pulp, cotton seed, almond hulls, baked goods, coffee and cocoa bean hulls are commonly used in feeding cattle.

The Journal of Dairy Science paper looked specifically at seeds, but previously, university trials have looked at tomato pomace as a whole in two major US growing regions - Ohio and California.

Broiler trials feeding tomato pomace – peels, seeds, cores and green tomatoes - have shown promising potential as a source of vitamin E to birds with no significant hit on body weight or feed net gain.

Pomace is wet and therefore difficult to store, but the University of Ohio study found pomace high in neutral detergent fibre with a “moderate amount” of crude protein and a net energy estimate “similar to that of corn silage.”

The California study said as much as 30 per cent of tomatoes used in salsa, paste, soup and puree industries is wasted.

This message was framed on a global level two years ago by the World Food and Agriculture Organisation when it underlined the environmental impacts of sending fruit and vegetable by-products to landfill.

The paper Utilization of fruit and vegetable wastes as livestock feed and as substrates for generation of other value-added products explored efficient use of feed resources, something “key to sustainable livestock development.”



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Market Reports

UK Animal Feed Statistics - April 2015
USDA Dairy Products - 4 June 2015
Dairy Australia - Market News - 29 May 2015
USDA Agricultural Prices - 29 May 2015
USDA Dairy Products - 29 May 2015
Irish CSO Reports - Milk Statistics April 2015

Global Dairy Industry News

   Saudi Arabia

Middle East and North Africa Increase US Corn Purchases

   Pakistan

Pakistan Dairy Industry Threatened by Indian Powder Imports

   Australia

New Tool Helps Cut Cattle Transport Costs, Times
Large Herd Does Not Mean Worse Cow Welfare

   United Kingdom

Call for Global Agreement on EU Inspection Rules
Initiative to Improve Sharing of Food Chain Information
Livestock Sectors to Have Say on Centre of Excellence

   European Union

EU Ministers Debate Future of Organic Agriculture
Dairy Farmers Propose Market Responsibility Programme
Informal Agreement Reached on EU Animal Health Law

   New Zealand

New Zealand Mastitis Vaccine Trial Yields “Positive” Results
Disappointing Fonterra Price Puts Farmers in Tough Spot
Mature Plants Linked to New Zealand Swede Mystery Cow Deaths
Indirect Costs Take Toll on New Zealand Farm Spend
Beads Used in “Encouraging” New TB Test

   China

Costa Rican Food Chain Under Chinese Scrutiny
Ten Reasons Why China Needs the US

   Ecuador

Ecuador Granted Foot and Mouth Disease Free Status

   United States

CME: Food Service Sales Present Good Outlook for Meat Markets

   India

Maharashtra Gets Three Bovine Shelters
Cargill India Mulling Animal Feed Plant in Uttar Pradesh
Australia Eyes Andhra's Aquaculture, Dairy Sectors

   Ireland

Ireland Seeing Quota End Impacts

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