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TheBeefSite Newsletter - 04 March 2015

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TheBeefSite
Wednesday 4th March 2015.
Michael Priestley - Editor

Michael Priestley
Editor


Novus International

MSD Animal Health

Remember Pros and Cons of Alfalfa When Reseeding

Alfalfa’s specific needs and pitfalls need to be considered when deciding what to drill into meadows and pastures this growing season.

Its requirements include well-drained, deep soils and high fertility for good yields, advises Chris Penrose, associate professor at Ohio State University.

While probably the best forage available to Ohio producers, Dr Penrose underlines the bloat issues alfalfa can cause. read more

Further considerations include buying varieties with good winter hardiness and disease resistance, particularly from potato leafhopper.

“Purchase only high quality improved varieties of seed,” says Dr Penrose. “There have been tremendous advances in quality, yield, persistence, insect and disease resistance which makes the added cost of the seed a good value.”

This is something to bear in mind for all grass and legume species.

On plots or operations where alfalfa is not a workable option, Dr Penrose recommends Birdsfoot Trefoil, Red Clover and White Clover as legume options.

In the case of grasses he considers Fescue, Orchardgrass, Kentucky Bluegrass, Smooth Bromegrass, Reed Canarygrass and the “king” of the forages – Ryegrass.

“Perennial ryegrass is a bunch-type grass that is palatable with high nutritive value. It has a long growing season and excellent yields with good fertility,” explains Dr Penrose.

However, winter hardiness, hay making qualities and competitiveness are the reasons why not everyone grows it, he adds.

When selecting seeds, producers should consider soil pH, fertility and the stock that will be eating it.

He stresses that Fescue may not be sufficient for stockers, while dry cows don’t need the best alfalfa stands.

If other ruminants like sheep and goats are around, plants storing energy at the plant base, such as Orchardgrass, are not advised. White Clover, on the other hand, works well with smaller ruminants.

In the case of poor drainage, Red Clover can work well. It also copes in slightly acidic soils. Fescue, on the other hand, tolerates poor soils, pests, disease and drought.

Barring full alfalfa drilling, Dr Penrose recommends growers mix forage types.

“Consider a primary grass, a primary legume, then you can consider minor species to add to the mix,” he says.

"It is important to consider species with similar growth habits. For example, you would not want to plant bluegrass with red clover, but you could plant orchardgrass or fescue with red clover.”



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This Week's Articles and Analysis

What to Choose When Reseeding Hay and Pasture Fields
Choosing grasses for your pastures and hay fields depends on the soil pH, fertility and cattle that you have.

Hoof Cracks in Cattle: Cause, Treatment
Alterations in terrain, as well as the variation in genetics, hoof, size, age and condition of a cow can impact on the state of its hoof, says a Montana-based extension agent.

Anticipating Grasshopper Damage Ahead of Grazing Season
Ranchers are reminded to consider the dangers of grasshoppers to rangeland vegetation ahead of the spring grazing season.

Antibiotic Use in Cattle: A Quick Overview
Concern abounds when discussing the issue of antibiotics in the livestock industry, but lots is being done to minimise environmental and public health risks while considering the safety of the animal.

When to Intervene During Calving
When it comes to success at calving, there are some things beyond the farmers control, writes a Kentucky veterinarian.

Getting the Right Cattle Nutrition and Health When Receiving Feedlot Placements
Ensuring calves are well set up for their time in the feedlot is always vital on animal well-being grounds but is particularly economically important given current higher feeder prices.

Safeguarding Your Herd Against New Cattle
Stock movement is a key biosecurity issue across the world and a hot topic in Britain.

Company News

BVDV Persistently Impacts Herd Health
ANALYSIS - A diagnosis of Bovine Viral Diarhea Virus (BVDV) persistently impacts the health and performance of the herd, and it's the mostly costly cattle disease for producers from a reproductive and respiratory perspective, writes Sarah Mikesell, TheCattleSite senior editor.
Market Reports

Irish CSO Reports - Livestock Slaughterings January 2015
USDA Agricultural Prices - February 2015
USDA Cold Storage - February 2015
USDA Cattle on Feed - February 2015
EBLEX Cattle and Sheep Weekly - 2 March 2015

Global Beef Industry News

   China

Farms Forced to Close In Lake Tai Clean Up

   Korea, South

South Korea Reports 77 New FMD Outbreaks

   Global

Cutting Food Waste Could Save Global Economy $300 Billion
Cargill Completes $12.5 Million Investment in South Africa Animal Feed Facility
Kansas and Scottish Laboratories Join to Tackle Bunyaviruses
Sustainable Beef Answers Tough Questions
Agricultural Production 'Not Suitable' for Food Challenges of the 21st Century

   United Kingdom

Brucellosis Free Northern Ireland Would Save £15 Million
Moves to Increase Welfare in Non-stun Slaughter
Labour Pledges to End Badger Culls
Smaller Markets Push UK Beef Export Higher
NFU: 'Ensure Farming Can Thrive'
European Commissioner Promises to Simplify CAP
Charolais Spring Sales Strong Once More
Commitment Shown to bTB Eradication Strategy
Strategy Laid out to Make British Farming More Competitive
Politicians Need to Ensure Food Chain Works

   New Zealand

New European Cattle and Sheep Breeding Company Announced
Efforts Build to Tackle Yellow Bristle Grass

   India

Maharashtra Bans Beef Sale

   Brazil

Brazilian Land Appreciates Over 600 Per Cent
BRF Sees Sales Profits Rise

   European Union

Antimicrobial Resistant Foodborne Bacteria Levels Rising

   United States

Economic Models Give Insights Into Global Sustainability Challenges
Sustainability Means Passing on a Legacy
USDA Announces Funding for Research, Education, Extension

   Romania

Romanian Meat Industry Expects VAT on Meat to be Cut

   Croatia

Early-bird Deadline Approaches for Welfare Conference Registration

   Canada

Lack of Workers Impacts Livestock Sector Profitability

Events/Promotions

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The Drost Project - A Visual Guide to Porcine, Pig Reproduction.
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