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FMD Outbreak in Taiwan Affects Pigs

31 May 2013

TAIWAN - The Taiwanese veterinary authorities have reported an outbreak of foot and mouth disease in Kinmen, affecting pig populations.

The FMD outbreak was first observed on 16 May 2013 and confirmed on the same date. After several test such as antibody detection ELISA and non-structural protein ELISA confirmed the presence of the FMD virus, serotype O, an immediate notification was sent to the World Organisation for Animal Health OIE) on 30 May 2013.

According to the report, a total of 1094 pigs were found susceptible, out of which six cases were confirmed. No deaths were recorded and no animals were destroyed and/or slaughtered.

According to the OIE, during the routine active FMD serological surveillance, NSP antibodies were detected on a pig farm. Serum and throat swab samples for serological tests and virus isolation were collected and sent to the national laboratory (Animal Health Research Institute).

The laboratory confirmed positive results with NSP antibodies. The virus isolation and RT-PCR were all negative. The serotype O was identified by using FMD ELISA kit.

The monitoring and epidemiological investigation of the index farm and those surrounding farms that keep cloven-hoofed animals (a total of 3 pig farms, 31 goat farms, and 67 cattle farms within 3-km radius of the index farm) have been completed and no clinical or epidemiological evidence of infection was found.

The source of the outbreak remains inconclusive.

TheCattleSite News Desk

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